The agricultural sector constitutes the majority of the working population in our country and continues to maintain its importance in the national economy as it has been until today. Therefore, increasing the per capita income is related to the increase in production in the agricultural sector. Increasing the intensity of production in agriculture depends on the development of large-scale soil and water resources. It is possible to carry out agriculture in accordance with the potential capacity in agricultural areas with irrigation facilities, soil conservation measures and drainage.
The water that is necessary for the normal development of the plants, but which cannot be supplied by natural means, is given to the soil, the plant root region in time, in the amount desired by the plant and without wasting properly.
One of the most important factors in the success of irrigated agriculture is the presence of sufficient moisture in the soil during the vegetation period.
It is a form of agriculture applied in order to obtain optimum efficiency.
Irrigation efforts, excavations in Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt revealed that it dates back to the 6th century BC.