This year, both late and excessive rainfall caused many damages such as floods, floods, landslides and ponds in many regions and many areas. Although it is not possible to prevent this unexpected type of rainfall, there are ways and methods that can reduce its impact and damage. What these ways and methods are is well known, when they are encountered, they are spoken and explained very passionately for a short time afterwards, and the rest does not come much.
From an agricultural point of view, it is possible to reduce a significant portion of such precipitation, which is beneficial to the cultivated crops in arid hillside lands, and can be as beneficial or even more harmful in the bottom lands, into the soil, down to the lower layers and store there. In barren lands, the water stored in the soil will be used for the next crop, as the runoff will be less and slower in sloping lands, so fertile topsoil drifts will be reduced. In flat and bottom lands, ponding will decrease, as the ponded water seeps into the soil in a short time, there will be no or little lying, rotting of the products.
In our country, the level of groundwater has decreased due to excessive water consumption in irrigated areas. In terms of the recovery of the water reserves of the soils, it is of great importance to include these rains, which will contribute to the feeding of underground water resources. In this way, both cleaner and more water will be used in irrigation from deep wells and less energy will be consumed for irrigation. The tool that will help to achieve all of these is the "Dipkazan". The subsoiler should be pulled 90-100 cm apart (at most from the wheel track) after the harvest is finished and “when the soil is dry”, to a dozen or vice versa at a depth of 45-60 cm. If this process is repeated every 4-5 years, it is very useful. The bottom boiler, which breaks down the hard layer (base stone, cyst, plow base, etc.) formed at these depths, ensures that the water coming into the field goes deep easily and the roots of the plants to be planted in this field go deep without being forced or bent. Thus, plants can both hold on to the soil better and benefit from the water and nutrients in the lower layers.
However, those who do dry farming should only bring subsoil to the fields they will leave fallow, because in these places where the annual rainfall is already low, some of the precipitation in the year will go deep, so the yield loss can be seen in the first year, but it will be very useful in the following years. Some producers, especially those engaged in irrigated farming, have 5-7 names such as "stubble blower", "bottom blower", "bottom blaster", and even "chik", which can be more footed if desired. Instead of making the first version with a mouldboard plow, the producers who can work up to 30-35-40 cm with this tool that is pulled more easily and consumes less fuel that does not turn the soil upside down, should not think that it is a substitute for "subsoil". The subsoil must be pulled out when the soil is “rattled” dry, much of the benefit of the subsoil is thanks to the ball attached to the back.
The ball trying to enter the place opened by the chisel blade that plunging into the dried soil will not enter easily and will force the soil to break up the substrate on the right and left, and create cracks and crevices. In the water, it will easily go down from here at the roots. This cannot be done with the draw. This year's rains seem to have caused a considerable loss of nutrients through washing in the soils. One of the main reasons for this is that most of our soils are poor in organic matter. Some of our lands are very poor. Soils with sufficient organic matter easily infiltrate the rainfall into the soil and preserve it by holding a significant part of it, then give the plants as much as they need. It prevents nutrients from being washed away. Our land is losing its power, we must take measures as soon as possible.