Soil preparation materials to be used

Natural organic ingredients:
peat, bark of various trees, fiber or sawdust, leaf rot, city or agriculture-based industry waste (straw, winery and mushroom compost waste) animal manure

Natural inorganic substances:
sand, gravel, granite fragments, pumice, perlite, vermiculite, volcanic tuff (black, white, brown etc.) foam, rock wool, volcanic stones

Tree Shells

The shells of all tree species are useful and can be used as humus. Research has shown that pine, spruce, beech, oak, redwood and yew trees, especially fir trees, can be easily used.

Shells are primarily materials with no biological activity. For this reason, they are slowly decomposing substances. Sudden shells are not suitable for chemical processing. It is insufficient for the development of bacteria and fungi due to its very little nitrogen content.

In general, the shells have very high water retention powers. FIR shells can hold as much as 165% of their weight, 31.5% air content has been found even at saturation point.

Any disease **** harmful transport risks are eliminated when used after the bark of the tree is fermented


The type of tree from which the sawdust is obtained and the time of use are important in plant cultivation.

Sevgican (1999) states that walnut and Cedar sawdust have phytotoxic effects on plants, and that no negative effects of sawdust of other species have been detected to date.

Rose (1991), Maas and Adamson (1990) point out that Pseudotsuga menziesii and Tsuga heterophlla sawdust are used as hydroponic media, while Thuja plicata sawdust can be toxic, especially when fresh.

The cation exchange capacity of the chip that has completed its decomposition is high. Unfermented sawdust is recommended not to be used without sterilizing, out of concern that it may carry some fungi harmful to the plant.

its pH ranges from 5.0-6.8, with a slight increase in PH during periods when decomposition progresses. Both can be used as fine and coarse chips. Because fine sawdust emits moisture better than coarse sawdust, coarse sawdust is preferred because of its drainage superiority. For this reason, it can be thought that dha will be good to use in a mixture

Rooting and growing in environments that are used as pure materials or additives among other organic materials, rice husk, coconut fibers, find out reeds, wheat straw (straw), Bran, sesame seeds, stalks, reeds, cane, Cork residue/crumbs, nuts, bark, shavings, corn stalks and tea residue, compost, curuntu the needle of the different tree species and leaf, seaweed, sunflower husk/meal, thorn meal, meal obtained from cones, shavings, manure, cotton meal, include.

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