Tillage, the ability to sow seeds, making the soil suitable for its growth and by any means to maintain this situation Loosening, crumbling and mixing bad seed bedGood seedbed WHY IS SOIL PROCESSED? The purpose tillage; for the development of cultivated plants essential water, air, temperature and nutrients. to increase the effects of factors and suit the wishes of the plants to organize as. Purposes of soil cultivation; to the agricultural system made,
the type of product to be grown, according to the time of tillage Purposes of soil tillage
1. Preparation of the seed bed: Properties sought in a good seed bed
1. Soil must have the desired physical structure.
2. The soil surface must be crumbled.
3. The seed bed should be suppressed.
4. There should be sufficient moisture in the seed bed.
5.Sufficient plant nutrients in the seed bed
must be found.
6.Seed bed rich in organic matter
The seed bed should be clean from weeds. 2. Weed control
3. Mixing the stubble scraps into the soil
4. Control of diseases and pests
5. Organic and chemical fertilizers and some herbicides n mixed with soil
6. Perpendicular version to the slope, with applications such as creating furrows
reducing soil erosion
7.Special suitable for planting, irrigation, drainage, harvesting, etc.
create soil surface shapes
8.Airizing the soil
9. Before rain and snow waters run off the surface and
to allow it to penetrate the soil without causing evaporation 2. The harms (disadvantages) of tillage
The three most important damages of cultivation
a. The soil has a monotonous structure,
b. Loss of water in the soil,
c. Tillage costs money
D. Plow base formation
to. WHEN TO WORK THE SOIL?
Crop rotation (alternation) system,
to the sowing time of the crop to be sown
And it depends on the breeding purpose.
In fallow areas, first release, in early spring
soil pan is done as soon as it comes. Later summer editions
is done according to the grazing status of the field.
Stubble deteriorates while the soil is tempered after the wheat harvest
Second and third version is made in autumn for winter crop.
Can be grouped in 4 groups according to:
1. Tools Working by Tipping the Soil
Column plow, front chisel plow, reversible joint plow and Tools such as lister plow fall into this group. SOIL WORKING TOOLS 2.Tear of the Soil from the Bottom of the Tools. Tools such as crowbar, Anatolian plow and dovetail They work by tearing the soil from the bottom. 3. Tools That Tear the Soil Perpendicularly Chisel and subsoil are the main tools in this group. Breaking the plow base formed in heavy textured soils These tools are used for 4. Tools Working By Mixing Soil Tools such as disc plow, vanvey, disc harrow, offset disc, milling cutter They work by mixing the soil. These tools are stony, sandy, shallow and light
textured soils with excessive plant residues on the surface
gives good results in soils. These tools make the soil flour-small
on agricultural lands open to water and wind erosion
Incorrect Version Type (parallel to the slope) Version perpendicular to the slope in sloping lands, embankment,
Heavy tillage machines by compacting the soil
It disrupts its aggregation and increases erosion.
Wet Soil - Heavy Tillage Machine
Usage Since the pressure on the unit area will decrease in the wide wheeled tractor,
Does not disturb the structure of the soil Reduced Tillage
Also defined as reduced or limited tillage, this
In the method, some of the traditional tillage method
version processes are included. In this sense, the place of the socked plow
versions that do not take are considered reduced tillage.
Some reduced tillage programs may be as follows.
• Disc Harrow + October
• Cultivator + sowing
• Rotary hoe + planting
• Chisel or cultivator + planting Why is Rapid Tillage Done?
The main purpose of stubble tillage is to burn the soil and
To eliminate the damage it causes to the environment and to
to prepare a good seed bed for the crop.
Stubble tillage, physical, chemical and
in order to regulate the biological balance of the soil
maintaining the organic matter ratio, improving the water holding capacity
to increase and maintain efficiency
is carried out.
Tillage Under Stubble Conditions
Stubble tillage, in the field of crops such as wheat, barley
plowing the stubble left over after harvest without burning
It is the process of preparing the seed bed made with the vertical rotary used in mulch processing.
hoe (rototiller) in stubble soil cultivation,
Since the field soil forms a mulch with stubble stalks,
- The entry and retention of falling water into the soil during rainy periods
creates a humid environment by providing
- stem residues are broken down by microorganisms and organic
It enables it to turn into substances and plant nutrients.
- weed suppresses
A zero machined
first outings in the field • Field to be sowed directly to the stubble